He didn’t plat out the wheat acreage in his record book for that year so I don’t know how many acres contributed to the total, but if we estimate 200 acres (which would be a little less than half of what we had in cultivation, the rest being poor-quality pasture) that year’s production was a little over 18 bushels per acre. Not bad. Thirty bushels per acre was considered a good crop. Some fields gave us thirty-six bushes per acre one year.
Although we had 500 of our 1181 acres under cultivation, only half of that could be planted in any given year because of the poor quality of the soil and limited, random rain. Strip-farming helped preserve the soil so the ribbons Dad had carved out from our 500 acres allowed for 250 or so to be in production each year. Not all of that would be wheat (which is why I used 200 in the previous paragraph to estimate production). We usually had at least one field of oats to provide grain for the milk cows.
The grain elevators at the railroad siding in every small town were a hub of activity in August as the first loads of wheat were brought in. The reports of crop quality and bushels-per-acre traveled with the farmers and spread quickly around the community as sales and services were tallied up, some of the wheat going into the grain car waiting on the siding destined for St. Paul, Minnesota, and some into the elevators for storage in the hope of better prices in the winter or spring.
Wheat prices in August of 1951 ranged from $1.95 – $2.12 a bushel, the latter being the high water mark for the year. In January, Dad had sold 504 bushels of the 1950 crop for $2.08.
Until around 1958, our wheat was harvested with a 6′ John Deere combine–so around and around he’d go, harvesting a six foot swath as he went. When the hopper was full, a couple of rounds if the crop was good, he would pull up next to our all purpose farm truck at the end of the field and dump it.
When the truck was full, he would drive it back to the granary(ies) in the farm yard. It would be backed up to the grain pallet (an open wood platform with sidewalls about six inches high to keep the grain from running on the ground) positioned in front of the granary. The tailgate is slowly lifted, by hand, and the grain begins pouring out. As it piles into its little pyramid (about three feet high was workable) the truck is slowly driven forward as a three foot high ridge of grain is created in the 8-foot long pallet.
The grain auger, serviced and standing by, is ready. After the pallet is holding all it can, the business end of the auger is positioned in the small wheat pile and fired up. The auger is a miniature by 2013 standards, and it faithfully does its job, pulling the wheat through its long cylinder and depositing it inside whatever grain bin has been selected for this load. As the grain is augered into the granary, he and my brother shovel grain toward the auger base to move the last of it.
There was an unrehearsed ritual that attended the arrival of the first truckload of wheat each year. Money and machinery and time had been invested for a full year in order to gain this moment. The uncertain weather had allowed this crop to develop, this wheat to ripen, and now this year’s first load is welcomed as any little sisters in the house come out to the granary with Mom to watch the wheat begin to sw-i-i-s-h-h with a rustle out of the truck, then to be gathered and moved into the bin by the auger.
It’s fitting that wheat fields are often described as looking like waves of the sea because the sound of a load of wheat smoothly swishing out of the truck bed is similar to that of distant surf.
Know that the usual supper with home made bread is waiting to be eaten as soon as the grain is tucked away and the cows are milked.
And now you have a picture of why tired, grateful farm families sleep well.
When time’s allowed to realize you may not get a crop – and that realization fills several months of every year – then gratitude acquires detail, color, angles, edges and nuances that the presumptious and demanding will never know.
When we sang harvest songs in our little country church they were sung with gusto because we lived every word – every year.
Come, ye thankful people, come, raise the song of harvest home;
All is safely gathered in, Ere the winter storms begin;
God, our Maker, doth provide for our wants* to be supplied;
Come to God’s own temple, come,
Raise the song of harvest home.
(*back in the day, wants were presumed to be needs and it wasn’t considered necessary to make a distinction)
Oh, that song of harvest home! As we stood by our parents and sang , we had fresh memories of our dads working in the field, working through the mechanical breakdowns that were often a part of harvest, and finally bringing the wheat to the yard to be delivered by the auger into the granary — we knew what the declaration of harvest home! meant.
Potential harvest doesn’t mean much.
Hoped-for harvest isn’t the goal.
It’s harvest home the farmer is after.